Fixed telephone network services in the territory of Azerbaijan are provided mainly by two major public operators - Aztelecom Limited Liability Company (LLC) and Baku Telephone Communications Limited Liability Company (BTC LLC).
Telephone network of Aztelecom LLC (wired and wireless) covers the whole territory of the country, except for Baku and Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, and BTC LLC network (wired and wireless) covers administrative territories of Binagadi, Garadagh, Sabayil, Sabunchu, Surakhani, Narimanov, Nasimi, Nizami, Khazar, Khatai, and Yasamal districts of Baku city.
Through 1260 automatic telephone exchanges (ATEs) Aztelecom provides telephone, high-speed Internet, IPTV, long-distance and international and other services to country’s population, businesses and organizations in the region. Switching network consists of more than 1260 EATS (electronic automatic telephone stations) and CDMA wireless base stations. CDMA network coverage area includes 80% of the population of the country. The association provides all types of telecommunication services. 212,000 or 31% of subscribers use broadband internet. Internet services are provided as a service provider Aztelecom.net, and private ISPs. The total capacity of EATS is 785 thousand numbers. Of these, 169 thousand numbers or 21.5% accounted for NGN equipment that supports the most advanced multimedia services. 91% of interswitch trunk is optical cable.
Baktelecom (Baku Telephone Communications Production Association ) provides telephone services, high-speed Internet, video-telephony, IPTV, DATA, inquiry and information, as well as related maintenance services to Baku residents, businesses and organizations located in the city through 193 EATS.
Through 33 ATEs of total 193 ATEs that are available in the network of Baktelecom, Khatai telephone exchange provides the above-mentioned various communications and other telecommunications services in the territory of Nasimi, Narimanov, Binagadi, Sabail and Khatai districts of Baku city, through 39 ATEs - Yasamal Telephone Exchange (covering the territory of Nasimi, Binagadi, Yasamal and Sabail districts), 29 ATEs - Nizami Telephone Exchange (covers Nizami, Khatai, Surakhani and Sabunchu districts), 36 ATEs - Sabunchu Telephone Exchange (covering the territory of Sabunchu and Surakhani districts), 30 ATEs - Khazar Telephone Exchange (covering the territory of Khazar and Pirallahi districts), 19 ATEs - Garadagh Telephone Exchange (covering the territory of Garadagh district), and 5 ATEs - AzEvroTel LLC (covering the territory of Sabail, Yasamal and Nasimi districts).
2 of 193 ATEs that are available in the network of BTC LLC provide wireless communication services in Baku and Absheron district (via roaming throughout the country) and the remaining 191 provide wired communications services.
The total capacity of telephone exchanges of Baktelecom, which are fully converted into electronic format, is 788,466 numbers. 633 997 numbers (80.4%) are in operation.
466530 numbers (59.2%) are based on modern NGN equipment , 104709 (13.2%) - on the C & C 08, 109 722 (14.2%) - S-12, 70097 (9%) -DMS, 3145 ( 0.4%) - DRX, 844 (0.11%) - Karel and 20,000 (2.58%) on the CDMA technology.
The trunks of Baktelecom are installed 100% at optical level, alternate connection of large-scale stations also increased to 100%, in other stations - 90%. The total length of interoffice fiber optic cables is 1456.3 kilometers. The distribution of numbers to subscribers of the association’s network is carried out using 1516 distributor cabinets.
With a view to improve the services provided to users and improve the quality of services, 31 optical connection supporting multi-service ATS type SMART-AX have been installed in Baktelecom network within the FTTx project and work in this direction is underway.
High-speed broadband Internet services are provided to subscribers by Bakinternet and other Internet providers through the network of BTC LLC. 257 830 subscribers connected to the network are currently enjoying high speed internet services through broadband connections (164 607 of them are users of online services of BTC LLC, 93,223 - other ISPs). Taking into account the increasing demand for Internet services, the number of ADSL ports in the operator’s network increased to 314772 units. Of these, 190,800 (60.6%) were installed by BTC LLC, 123,972 (39.4%) - other ISPs. Thus, 40.6% of subscribers BTC LLC network have access to high speed internet through a broadband connection.