Fixed telephone network services in the territory of Azerbaijan are provided chiefly by two major public operators - Aztelekom Production Association (PA) and Baku Telephone Communications Production Association (BTCPA).
Telephone network of Aztelekom PA ( wired and wireless) covers the whole territory of the country, except for Baku and Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, and BTCPA network ( wired and wireless) covers administrative territories of Binagedi, Garadag, Sabayil, Sabunchu, Surakhani, Narimanov, Nasimi, Nizami, Khazar, Khatai and Yasamal districts of Baku city.
Through 1260 automatic telephone exchanges (ATEs) Aztelekom provides telephone, high-speed Internet, IPTV, long-distance and international and other services to country’s population, businesses and organizations in the region.
Local network of the operator combines 57 local telecommunications companies that serve to 108 central and 1129 rural (settlement) ATEs, as well as 23 ATEs (38 base stations) providing services of wireless telephony standard CDMA, which serves wireless telephone services to 20 000 subscribers in the 80% of the territory by 44 regions of the republic.
General capacity of the telephone exchanges of Aztelekom network is 769 482 telephone numbers, which is fully converted into electronic format. 665 170 numbers (86.5%) are in service. 160 184 numbers (20.8%) are based on modern NGN equipment, 40 520 numbers (5.2%) are exchanges of C-08 type, 166 108 numbers (21.6%) - S-12, 15 516 numbers (2.1 %) - DRX, 366 642 numbers (47.6%) - Karel, 512 numbers (0.1%) - Kvant and 20 000 numbers (2.6%) are based on the technology CDMA.
The trunks of the operator uses optical cable (41.9%), communication cables (29.5%), radio relay (20%) and satellite links (8.6%) of communication. Overall length of optical cables exceeds 5950,4 kilometers.
97824 users, connected to the network Aztelekom, use the services of high speed internet through broadband connections ( including 49 860 of them are users of Aztelekom.net, other ISPs – 47 964 users). Taking into consideration the increasing demand for online services, the number of ADSL-ports in the network Aztelekom has been increased to 135 197 units.Of these, 64 320 units (47.6%) were installed by Aztelekom, 70 877 units (52.4%) - by other ISPs. Today 15% of the subscribers of Aztelekom have access to high speed internet through a broadband connection. According to the forecasts of Aztelekom, by the end of 2012 roughly 30% of total subscribers will benefit from broadband services.
BTCPA provides services of telephone (long distance and international), high-speed Internet, IPTV etc. through 147 ATEs to Baku residents, businesses and organizations located within the city. Khatai telephone exchange provides telephone services on the territory of Nasimi, Narimanov, Binagadi and Sabail, Khatai districts of Baku city through 19 ATEs of the total number, through 28 ATEs - Yasamal telephone exchange provides services in Nasimi, Binagadi, Yasamal and Sabail districts, through 28 ATEs Nizami telephone exchange provides services in the territory of Nizami, Khatai, Surakhani and Sabunchu districts, through 26 ATEs Sabunchu telephone exchange provides telephone services in the territory of Sabunchu and Surakhani districts, through 23 ATEs Khazar telephone exchange provides services in Khazar district, through 18 ATEs - Garadagh telephone exchange provides telephone services in the territory of Garadagh region, through 5 ATEs – Azevrotel LLC provides telephone services in the territory of Sabail, Yasamal and Nasimi districts of the capital.
Of the 147 ATEs, 2 units provide wireless services in Baku city, while the remaining 145 are providing wired telephone services. General capacity of numbers installed in ATEs is 798 180 numbers and all ATEs are electronic.623 300 numbers (78.1%) are in service. 397 100 numbers (49.8%) based on modern equipment NGN, 107,605 numbers (13.5%) - the C-08, 124 053 numbers (15.5%) - S-12, 77 774 numbers (9.7 %) -DMS, 10 856 numbers (1.4%) - DRX, 2199 numbers(0.3%) - Karel, 8608 numbers (1.1%)-Kvant, 50 000 (6.3%) - Sistem-X and 20 000 (2.5%) on the technology CDMA.
BTCPA’s trunks have been installed 100% at optical level, alternative compounds increased to 90%. Overall length of optical cable of BTCPA is 916.4 kilometers.
The distribution of numbers to subscribers in the network is carried out through 1559 distributor boxes.
High speed internet and IPTV services are provided to subscribers through BTCPA network. At present, 173,169 subscribers connected to the network, use the services of high speed internet through broadband connections (including 88 764 of them use Internet services from BTCPA, 84 405 - other ISPs). Taking into account the increasing demand for online services, the number of ADSL ports in BTCPA network increased to 232,246 units. Of these, 127,568 units (54.9%) are installed by BTCPA, 104 678 units (45.1%) - by other ISPs.Currently, 27.8% of BTCPA subscribers have access to high speed internet through a broadband connection.